Facts

  • Masonry is practiced worldwide. There are over 2 million Masons in North America and nearly 5 million worldwide.
  •   Freemasonry has no single spokesman. Freemasonry is made up of many individuals in numerous organizations, all subordinate to the Grand Lodge within their jurisdiction (i.e. state). None of these members or organizations can speak for Freemasonry; that is the responsibility of each Grand Lodge within its jurisdiction. No Masonic body nor author, however respected, can usurp the authority of a Grand Lodge.
  •   Freemasonry is made up of many organizations. Masonry has many groups, each with a special social, educational, or philanthropic focus. A man becomes a Mason in his local Lodge. Then he joins any of the following “Appendant Bodies”: the Scottish Rite, York Rite (which includes the Royal Arch Council and Knights Templar), Shrine, Grotto, Tall Cedars, etc.
  •   14 U.S. Presidents were Masons:
    • George Washington
    • James Monroe
    • Andrew Jackson
    • James Polk
    • James Buchanan
    • Andrew Johnson
    • James Garfield
    • William McKinley
    • Teddy Roosevelt
    • William Taft
    • Warren Harding
    • F. D. Roosevelt
    • Harry Truman
    • Gerald Ford
  • Masons have always had great influence on the U.S. Supreme Court. From the inception of the Supreme Court in 1789 through 1940, there never were less than three Masonic justices during term, except on two occasions. Beginning with Mason President F. D. Roosevelt’s terms, through the first three years of President Richard Nixon’s term, Masons dominated the Court in a ratio of five to four beginning in 1941 to seven to two in 1946.
  •   Of the 56 signers of the Declaration of Independence 9 were Freemasons:
    • William Ellery, RI
    • Benjamin Franklin, PA
    • John Hancock, MA
    • Joseph Hewes, NC
    • William Hooper, NC
    • Robert Treat Paine, MA
    • Richard Stockton, NJ
    • George Walton, GA
    • William Whipple, NH

    Unconfirmed Masons who also signed:

    • Elbridge Gerry, MA
    • Thomas Jefferson, VA
    • Richard Henry Lee, VA
    • Thomas McKean, DE
    • Robert Morris, PA
    • Thomas Nelson, Jr., VA
    • John Penn, NC
    • Benjamin Rush, PA
    • Roger Sherman, CT
    • James Smith, PA
    • John Witherspoon, NJ
  • Of the 39 men who signed the U.S. Constitution, 13 were Masons:
    • Gunning Bedford, Jr – 1st Grand Master of Delaware
    • John Blair – 1st Grand Master of Virginia
    • David Brearley – Officer of the Delaware Lodge
    • Daniel Carroll – Mason who participated in the Masonic cornerstone laying of the U.S. Capitol, with George Washington
    • Jonathan Dayton – Member of Temple Lodge No. 1 in Elizabethtown, NJ
    • John Dickinson – Member of a Lodge in Dover, Delaware
    • Benjamin Franklin – Grand Master of Pennsylvania
    • Nicholas Gilman – Member of a St. John’s Lodge No. 1, Portsmouth, N.H.
    • Rufus King – Member of St. John’s Lodge, Newburyport, Massachusetts
    • James McHenry – Member of Spiritual Lodge No. 23, Maryland (raised 1806, “struck off” 1809)
    • William Paterson – Member of Trenton Lodge No. 5, N.J.
    • George Washington – Raised in the Lodge at Fredericksburg (now Fredericksburg Lodge No. 4), named but did not actively serve as Charter Master of Alexandria Lodge No. 22 in 1788-1789